For all studies involving human subjects, the IRB must determine the appropriate review level of review. The following information will help researchers assess which form to submit initially. If after reading the information below, you believe your project matches the expedited level, complete this form IRB Exped or Full Protocol Application Form. If you have any questions, feel free to email firstname.lastname@example.org for guidance.
Expedited reviews are conducted on a rolling basis (i.e., monthly deadlines do not apply). Protocols will be given to 1-3 IRB reviewers as soon as possible after submission, depending on the current volume of submissions and reviewer availability. Reviewers will provide revision feedback within 10-14 business days.
To qualify as expedited, research activities must (1) present no more than minimal privacy, psychological and/or physical risk to human subjects, and (2) involve only procedures listed in one or more of the following categories, as authorized by 45 CFR 46.110 and 21 CFR 56.110. Inclusion on the following list does not equal minimal risk but rather that the activity may be eligible for expedited review. (Regardless of activity, research involving prisoners, pregnant women, fetuses, or neonates must be reviewed at the full-board level.)
Expedited review may not be applied if identification of the subjects and/or their responses would reasonably place them at risk of criminal or civil liability or be damaging to the subjects’ financial standing, employability, insurability, reputation, or be stigmatizing, unless suitable protections appropriately mitigate risks related to invasion of privacy and breach of confidentiality. Standard requirements for informed consent (or waiver, alteration, or exception) apply regardless of review type.
- Clinical studies of drugs and medical devices only when condition (a) or (b) is met.
- Research on drugs for which an investigational new drug application (21 CFR Part 312) is not required. (NOTE: Research on marketed drugs that significantly increases the risks or decreases the acceptability of the risks associated with the use of the product is not eligible for expedited review), or
- Research on medical devices for which (i) an investigational device exemption application (21 CFR Part 812) is not required; or (ii) the medical device is cleared / approved for marketing and the medical device is being used in accordance with its cleared / approved labeling.
- Collection of blood samples by finger stick, heel stick, ear stick, or venipuncture, as follows:
- From healthy, non-pregnant adults who weigh at least 110 pounds. For these subjects, the amounts withdrawn may not exceed 550 ml in an 8 week period and collection may not occur more frequently than 2 times per week; or
- From other adults and children, considering the age, weight, and health of the subjects, the collection procedure, the amount of blood to be collected, and the frequency with which it will be collected. For these subjects, the amount drawn may not exceed the lesser of 50 ml or 3 ml per kg in an 8 week period and collection may not occur more frequently than 2 times per week.
- Prospective collection of biological specimens for research purposes by noninvasive means, such as:
- Hair and nail clippings in a non-disfiguring manner;
- Deciduous teeth at time of exfoliation or if routine patient care indicates a need for extraction;
- Permanent teeth if routine patient care indicates a need for extraction;
- Excreta and external secretions (including sweat);
- Uncannulated saliva collected either in an unstimulated fashion or stimulated by chewing gumbase or wax by applying a dilute citric solution to the tongue;
- Placenta removed at delivery;
- Amniotic fluid obtained at the time of rupture of the membrane prior to or during labor;
- Supra- and subgingival dental plaque and calculus, provided the collection procedure is not more invasive than routine prophylactic scaling of the teeth and the process is accomplished in accordance with accepted prophylactic techniques;
- Mucosal and skin cells collected by buccal scraping or swab, skin swab, or mouth washings;
- Sputum collected after saline mist nebulization.
- Collection of data through noninvasive procedures (not involving general anesthesia or sedation) routinely employed in clinical practice, excluding procedures involving x-rays or microwaves. Where medical devices are employed, they must be cleared/approved for marketing. (Studies intended to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of the medical device are not generally eligible for expedited review, including studies of cleared medical devices for new indications.) Examples:
- physical sensors that are applied either to the surface of the body or at a distance and do not involve input of significant amounts of energy into the subject or an invasion of the subject’s privacy;
- weighing or testing sensory acuity;
- magnetic resonance imaging;
- electrocardiography, electroencephalography, thermography, detection of naturally occurring radioactivity, electroretinography, ultrasound, diagnostic infrared imaging, doppler blood flow, and echocardiography;
- moderate exercise, muscular strength testing, body composition assessment, and flexibility testing where appropriate given the age, weight, and health of the individual.
- Research involving materials (data, documents, records, or specimens) that have been collected, or will be collected solely for non-research purposes (such as medical treatment or diagnosis). (NOTE: Some research in this category may be exempt from the HHS regulations for the protection of human subjects. See [45CFR46.101(b)(4)]. This listing refers only to research that is not exempt.)
- Collection of data from voice, video, digital, or image recordings made for research purposes.
- Research on individual or group characteristics or behavior (including, but not limited to, research on perception, cognition, motivation, identity, language, communication, cultural beliefs or practices, and social behavior) or research employing survey, interview, oral history, focus group, program evaluation, human factors evaluation, or quality assurance methodologies. (NOTE: Some research in this category may be exempt from the HHS regulations for the protection of human subjects. See [45CFR46.101(b)(2) and (b)(3)]. This listing refers only to research that is not exempt.)
- Continuing review of research previously approved by the convened IRB as follows:
- where (i) the research is permanently closed to the enrollment of new subjects; (ii) all subjects have completed all research-related interventions; and (iii) the research remains active only for long-term follow-up of subjects; or
- where no subjects have been enrolled and no additional risks have been identified; or
- where the remaining research activities are limited to data analysis.
- Continuing review of research, not conducted under an investigational new drug application or investigational device exemption where categories two (2) through eight (8) do not apply but the IRB has determined and documented at a convened meeting that the research involves no greater than minimal risk and no additional risks have been identified.