Comprehensive Reading List

Seattle University Master of Arts in Criminal Justice

The comprehensive reading list is organized in sections corresponding to the Master of Criminal Justice foundation courses. The books, articles, research reports, and cases in each section include required texts for the MACJ foundation courses as well as additional classic and contemporary works, key cases, and critical research in criminal justice. The readings reflect key content areas in the field of criminal justice to provide a broad overview of the history, theory, and research in criminal justice. Many of the readings overlap course content areas but are listed under the section/course of primary relevance. This list is by no means exhaustive in terms of coverage of important works in the discipline of criminal justice and does not include readings assigned in the concentration and elective courses as well as many classic and contemporary works. Students are encouraged to read beyond the works listed and to become familiar with recent research in major academic journals in criminal justice such as Justice Quarterly, Criminology, Law & Society, The International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, Criminal Justice & Behavior, and others. The comprehensive exam is offered during Fall and Spring quarters (see MACJ Program Handbook for more detail). Students are eligible to take the exam upon completion of the MACJ foundation courses and comprehensive readings. It is required that students take the Criminal Justice Capstone Course prior to taking the exam. Students intending to take the exam must complete the Comprehensive Exam Sign-Up Sheet and submit it to the Graduate Administrative Assistant preferably by last day of the quarter prior to the quarter the exam will be administered.



Cole, G. F., Gertz, M. G., & Bunger, A. (2004). The criminal justice system: Politics and policies. Wadsworth.

Currie, E. (1998). Crime and Punishment in America. Owl Books.

Garland, D. (2010). Peculiar Institution: America’s Death Penalty in an Age of Abolition. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Garland, D. (2002). The culture of control: Crime and social order in contemporary society. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Harcourt, B.E. (2011). The illusion of free markets: Punishment and the myth of natural order. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Harcourt, B. E. (2007) Against prediction: Profiling, policing, and punishing in the actuarial age. Chicago: Chicago University Press.

Jenkins, P. (1998). Moral panic: Changing concepts of the child molester in modern America. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.

Junkin, T. (2004). Bloodsworth: The true story of the first death row inmate exonerated by DNA. Chapel Hill, NC: Algonquin Books.
Kraska, P.B. (2010). Theorizing criminal justice. Long Grove, IL: Waveland Press.
Mauer, M. (2006). Race to incarcerate. New York: The New Press.
Reiman, J. (2003) The rich get richer and the poor get prison. New York: Allyn & Bacon.
Roth, M. P. (2005). Crime and punishment: A history of the criminal justice system. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.

Tonry, M. (2004). Thinking about crime: Sense and sensibility in American penal culture. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Walker, S., Spohn, C. & DeLone, M. (2003) The Color of Justice. Bemont, CA: Wadsworth.
Wilson, J. Q. (1985) Thinking about crime. New York: Vintage
Zimring, F. E., Hawkins, G., & Kamin, S. (2001). Punishment and democracy: Three strikes and you’re out in California. Oxford: Oxford University Press.


Journal Articles and Reports:

Adler, F. (1995). Who are we? ACJS Today, 14(1), 1-21.

Carlan, P. E. (1999). Occupational outcomes of criminal justice graduates: Is the Master’s degree a wise investment? Journal of Criminal Justice Education, 10(1), 40—53.

Clear, C. (2001). Has academic criminal justice come of age? Justice Quarterly, 18(4), 709-726.

Cullen, F. (1995). Fighting back: Criminal justice as an academic discipline. ACJS Today 13(4), 1-3.

Geis, G. (1990). Crime and criminal justice: Where have we been, where are we going?” Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice, 6(4),254-263.

Finckenauer, J. O. (2005). The quest for quality in criminal justice education.” Justice Quarterly, 22(4), 413-426.

Hale, D. (1998). Criminal justice education: Traditions in transition. Justice Quarterly, 15(3), 385-394.

Johnston, C. W., & Cheurprakobkit, S. (2002). Educating our police: Perceptions of police administrators regarding the utility of a college education, police academy training and preferences in courses for officers International Journal of Police Science and Management, 4(3), 182-197.

Southerland, M. D. (2002). Criminal justice curricula in the United States: A decade of change. Justice Quarterly, 19(4), 589-601.

Wellford, C. (2007). Crime, justice, and criminology education: The importance of disciplinary foundations. Journal
of Criminal Justice Education, 18 (1), 2-6.


Bernard, T. & Engel, R. (2001). Conceptualizing criminal justice theory. Justice Quarterly 18(1), 1-30.

Castellano, T.C. & Gould, J.B. (2007). Foundatios of criminal justice theory. In Duffee, D.E. & Maquire, E.R. (Eds.)
Criminal Justice Theory: Explaining the Nature and Behavior of Criminal Justice (pp. 71-88). New York:

Crank, J.P., & Bowman, B.A. (2008). What is good criminal justice theory? Journal of Criminal Justice, 36,563-72.

Ferrell, J., Hayward, K., & Young, J. (2008). Cultural criminology. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Hagan, (1989). Why is there so little criminal justice theory? Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, 26,

Hagan, (1989). Why is there so little criminal justice theory? Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, 26, 116-135.

Kraska, P. B. (2004). Theorizing criminal justice phenomena: A call for developing infrastructure. ACJS Today, 29(2), 6-8.
Snipes, J.B. & Maquire, E.R. (2007). Foundations of criminal justice theory. In Duffee, D.E. & Maquire, E.R. (Eds.)
Criminal Justice Theory: Explaining the Nature and Behavior of Criminal Justice (pp. 27-49). New York:


Clark, J., Austin, J., & Henry, A. (1997). “Three strikes and you’re out”: A review of state legislation. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice.

Hare, R. (1999). Without conscience: The disturbing world of psychopaths among us. New York: Pocke

Hare, R.D. (1996). Psychopathy: A clinical construct whose time has come. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 23 (1), 25-54.

Huff, R. C. (2002). Wrongful conviction and public policy: The American Society of Criminology 2001 Presidential Address. Criminology: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 40(1), 1-18.

Kovandzic, T. V., Sloan, J. J., & Vieraitis, L. M. (2004). Striking out as crime reduction policy: The impact of 'three strikes' laws on crime rates in U.S. cities. Justice Quarterly, 21(2), 207-239.

Lieb, R. (2000). Social policy and sexual offenders: Contrasting United States’ and European policies. European Journal on Criminal Policy and Research, 8, 423-440.

Milloy, C. (2003). Six year follow-up of released sex offenders recommended for commitment under Washington’s Sexually Violent Predator Law, where no Petition was filed. Olympia, WA: Washington State Institute for Public Policy.

Presser, L. & Gunnison, E. (1999). Strange bedfellows: is sex offender notification a form of community justice? Crime & Delinquency, 45(3), 299-315.

Schram, D. D. & Milloy, C. D. (1995). Community notification: A study of offender characteristics and recidivism. Research Report. Olympia, Washington: Washington State Institute for Public Policy [Available:].

Sherman, L. W., Gottfredson, D., Mackenzie, D., Eck, J., Reuter, P., & Bushway, S. (1997). Preventing crime: What works, what doesn’t, what’s promising. Report to the U.S. Congress. WA D.C.: U.S. National Institute of Justice - Office of Justice Programs. [Available:].

Stolzenberg, L. & D’Alessio, S. J. (1997). Three strikes and you’re out: the impact of California's new mandatory sentencing law on serious crime rates. Crime & Delinquency, 43(4), 457-469.

Sutherland, E. (1950). The sexual psychopath laws. Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology, 40.

Van Voorhis, P., Cullen, F.T., & Applegate, B. (1995). Evaluating interventions with violent offenders: A guide for practitioners and policymakers. Federal Probation, 59, 17-27.

Vollum, S., Longmire, D. R., & Biffington-Vollum, J. 2004. Confidence in the death penalty and support for its use: exploring the value-expressive dimension of death penalty attitudes. Justice Quarterly, 21(3), 521-546.

Washington State Institute for Public Policy (December, 2003). Washington’s Offender accountability Act: An analysis of the Department of Corrections’ risk assessment. Olympia, WA: Washington State Institute for Public Policy.

Washington State Institute for Public Policy (January, 2006). Evidence-based adult correctional programs: What works and what does not. Olympia, WA: Washington State Institute for Public Policy.

Washington State Institute for Public Policy (February, 2006). Sex offender sentencing in Washington State: Predicting recidivism based on the LSI-R. Olympia, WA: Washington State Institute for Public Policy.

Zgoba, K .M. (2004). Spin doctors and moral crusaders: The moral panic behind child safety legislation. Criminal Justice Studies, 17(4), 385-404.


Akers, R. L. & Sellers, C. S. (2008). Criminological theories: Introduction, evaluation, and application, 5th edition. New York: Roxbury Publishing.

Andrews, D. A. & Bonta, J. (2003). The psychology of criminal conduct. Cincinnati: Anderson Publishing.

Cleckey H. (1976). The mask of sanity. Saint Louis, MO: Mosby.

Eysenck, H. J. (1977). Crime and personality. London: Paladin.

Fishbein, D. (2001). Biobehavioral perspectives in criminology. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.

Felson, M. (2002). Crime and everyday life. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Goffman, E. (1963, 1986, reissue). Stigma: Notes on the management of spoiled identity. Touchstone Press.

Hare, R. D. (1993). Without conscience: The disturbing world of psychopaths among us. New York: Pocket Books.

Kubrin, C., T. Stucky, & Krohn, M. (2008). Researching theories of crime and deviance. New York: Oxford University Press.

Naffine, N. (1996). Feminism and criminology. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.
Raine, A. (1993) The psychopathology of crime. San Diego, CA: Academic Press.
Samenow, S. E. (1984). Inside the criminal mind. New York: Times Books.

Wilson, J. Q., & Herrnstein, R. J. (1985). Crime and human nature. New York: Simon & Schuster.

Wolfgang, M. E., & Ferracuti, F. (1982). The subculture of violence: Toward an integrated theory in criminology. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage.


Journal Articles and Reports: 

Bursik, R. J. (1988). Social disorganization theories of crime and delinquency. Criminology, 26, 519-551.

Sampson, R. J., & Groves, W. B. (1989). Community structure and crime: Testing social-disorganization theory. American Journal of Sociology, 94, 774-802.

Sampson, R. J., Raudenbush, S. W., & Felton, E. (1997). Neighborhood and violent crime: A multilevel study of collective efficacy. Science, 277, 916-924.


Akers, R. L., Krohn, M. D., Lanza-Kaduce, L., & Radosevich, M. (1979). Social learning and deviant behavior: A specific test of a general theory. American Sociological Review, 44, 636-655.

Alarid, L. F., Burton, V. S., & Cullen, F. T. (2000). Gender and crime among felony offenders: Assessing the generality of social control and differential association theories. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, 37, 171-199.

Matsueda, R. L. (1988). The current state of differential association theory. Crime and Delinquency, 34, 277-306.

Pratt, T. C., Cullent, F. T., Sellers, C. S., Winfree, T. L., Madensen, T. D., Daigle, L. E., Fearn, N. E., & Gau, J. M.
(2010). The empirical status of social learning theory: A meta-analysis. Justice Quarterly, 27(6), 765-

Warr, M. (1993). Age, peers, and delinquency. Criminology, 31, 17-40


Baumer, E. P., & Gustafson, R. (2007). Social organization and instrumental crime: Assessing the empirical
validity of classic and contemporary anomie theories. Criminology, 45(3), 617-663.

Currie, E. (1997). Market, crime, and community: Toward a mid-range theory of post-industrial violence. Theoretical Criminology, 1, 147-172.

Chamlin, M. B., & Cochran, J. K. (1995). Assessing Messner and Rosenfeld’s institutional anomie theory: A partial test. Criminology, 33, 411-429.
Merton. R. K. (1938). Social structure and anomie. American Sociological Review, 3, 672-682.


Blau, J., & Blau, P. (1982). The cost of inequality: Metropolitan structure and violent crime. American Sociological Review, 47, 114-129.

Liska, A. E., & Chamlin, M. B. (1984). Social structure and crime control among macro-social units. American Journal of Sociology, 90, 383-395.

Sampson, R. J., & Wilson, J. W. (1995). Toward a theory of race, crime, and urban inequality. Pp. 37-54 in J. Hagan
& R . D. Peterson (eds.), Crime and inequality. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.


Cohen, L. E., & Felson, M. (1979). Social change and crime rate trends: A routine activities approach. American Sociological Review, 44, 588-608.

Lynch, J. P., & Cantor, D. (1992). Ecological and behavioral influences on property victimization at home. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, 29, 335-362.

Sherman, L. W., Gartin, P., & Buerger, M. D. (1989). Hot spots of predatory crime: Routine activities and criminology of place. Criminology, 27, 27-56.

Spano, R., & Frelich, J. D. (2009). An assessment of the empirical validity and conceptualization of individual level
multivariate studies of lifestyle/routine activities theory published from 1995 to 2005. Journal of Criminal
Justice, 37(3), 305-314.


Agnew, R. S. (1985). A revised strain theory of delinquency: A longitudinal test. Social Forces, 64,151-167.

Agnew, R. S. (1992). Foundation for a general strain theory of crime and delinquency. Criminology, 30, 47-87.

Agnew, R. S., & White, H. R. (1992). An empirical test of general strain theory. Criminology, 30, 475-499.

Broidy, L., & Agnew, R. (1997). Gender and crime: A general strain theory perspective. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, 275-306.

Mazerolle, P. (1998). Gender, general strain, and delinquency: An empirical examination. Justice Quarterly, 15, 65-91.

Piquero, N. L., & Sealock, M. D. (2010). Race, crime, and general strain theory. Youth Violence & Juvenile Justice, 8(3), 170-186.


Arneklev, B. J., Grasmick, H. G., Tittle, C. R., & Bursik, R. J. (1993). Low self-control and imprudent behavior. Journal of Quantitative Criminology, 9, 225-247.

Burton, V. S., Cullen, F. T., Evans, T. D., Alarid, L. F., & Dunaway, R. G. (1998). Gender, self-control, and crime. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, 35, 123-147.

Grasmick, H. G., Tittle, C. R., Bursik, R. J., & Arneklev, B. J. (1993). Testing the core empirical implications of Gottfredson and Hirschi’s general theory of crime. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, 30, 5-29.

Horney, J. D., Osgood, D. W., & Marshall, I. H. (1995). Criminal careers in the short-term: Intra-individual variability in crime and its relation to local life circumstances. American Sociological Review 60, 655-673.

LaGrange, C. T., & Silverman, R. E. (1999). Low self-control and opportunity: Testing the general theory of crime as an explanation for gender differences in delinquency. Criminology, 37, 41-72.

Pratt, T. C., & Cullen, F. T. (2000). The empirical status of Gottfredson and Hirschi’s general theory of crime: A meta-analysis. Criminology, 38, 931-964. I WOULD LIKE TO KEEP AS IT IS ONE OF THE FEW TESTS OF SOCIAL BOND THEORY H
Sykes, G. M., & Matza, D. (1957). Techniques of neutralization. American Sociological Review, 22, 664-670.


Hay, C. (2001). An exploratory test of Braithwaite’s reintegrative shaming theory. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, 38, 132-153.

Matsueda, R. L. (1992). Reflected appraisals, parental labeling, and delinquency: Specifying a symbolic interactionist theory. American Journal of Sociology, 6, 1577-1611.

Ward, D. A., &. Tittle, B. J. (1993). Deterrence or labeling: The effects of informal sanctions. Deviant Behavior, 14, 43-64.


Chamlin, M. B. (1991). A longitudinal analysis of the arrest-crime relationship: A further examination of the tipping effect. Justice Quarterly, 8, 187-199.

Chamlin, M. B. (1992). Time Aggregation and time lag in macro-level deterrence research. Criminology, 30, 377-395.

Grasmick, H. G., & Bursik, R. J. (1990). Conscience, significant others, and rational choice: Extending the deterrence model. Law and Society Review, 24, 837-861.


Chesney-Lind, M. (1989). Girls, crime, and women’s place: Toward a feminist model of female delinquency. Crime and Delinquency, 35, 5-29.

Simpson, S. S. (1991). Caste, class, and violent crime: Explaining difference in female offending. Criminology, 29, 115-135.
Simpson, S. (1989) Feminist theory: Crime and justice. Criminology 27, 605-632.


Larzelere, R., & Patterson, G. (1990). Parental management: Mediator of the effect of socioeconomic status on early delinquency. Criminology, 28, 301-323.

Warr, M., & Stafford, M. (1991). The influence of delinquent peers: What they think or what they do? Criminology, 29, 851-865.

Andrews, D., & Wormith, J. (1989). Personality and crime: Knowledge destruction and construction in criminology. Justice Quarterly, 6, 289-311.

Caspi, A., Moffitt, T., Silva, P., Stouthamer-Loeber, M., Krueger, R., & Schmutte, P. (1994). Are some people crime prone? Replications of the personality-crime relationship across countries, genders, races, and methods. Criminology, 32,163-195.

Eysenck, H. J. (1996). Personality and crime: Where do we stand? Psychology, Crime, and Law, 2, 143-152.

Farrington, D. (1991). Antisocial personality from childhood to adulthood. The Psychologist, 4, 389-394.

Harris, G. T., Rice, M. E., & Quinsey, V. L. (1993). Psychopathy as a taxon: Evidence that psychopaths are a discrete class. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 62, 387-397.

Kohlberg, L. (1976). Moral stages and moralization: the cognitive-developmental approach. In T. Lickona,
(ed.), Moral development and behavior. New York, Holt, Rinehart and Winston.

Lynam, D. R. & Derefinko, K. J. (2006). Psychopathy and personality. In Patrick, C.J. (Ed.), Handbook of psychopathy. New York: Guilford Press, 133-155.


Dalgaard, O., & Kringlen, E. (1976). A Norwegian twin study of criminality. British Journal of Criminology, 16, 213-233.

Fishbein, D. (1990). Biological perspectives on criminology. Criminology, 28, 27-72.

Mednick, S., Gabrielli, W., & Hutchings, B. (1984). Genetic influences in criminal convictions: Evidence from an adoption cohort. Science, 224, 891-894.

Moffitt, T., Lyman, D., & Silva, P. (1994). Neuropsychological tests predicting persistent male delinquency. Criminology, 32, 277-300.


Blumstein, A., Cohen, J., & Farrington, D. P. (1988). Criminal career research: Its value for criminology. Criminology, 26, 1-35.

Hare, R. D., McPherson, L. M., & Forth, A. E. (1988). Male psychopaths and their criminal careers. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 56(5), 710-714.

Laub, J. H., & Lauritsen, J. L. (1993). Violent criminal behavior over the life course: A review of the longitudinal and comparative research. Violence and Victims, 8,1-21.

Laub, J. H., & Sampson, R. J. (1993). Turning points in the life-course: Why change matters to the study of crime. Criminology, 31, 301-325.
Loeber, R., & Stouthamer-Loeber, M. (1996). The development of offending. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 23, 12-24.

Loeber, R., Tremblay, R. E., Gagnon, C., & Charlebois, P. (1989). Continuity and desistance in disruptive boys’ early fighting at school. Developmental Psychopathology, 1, 39-50.

Moffitt, T. E. (1993). Adolescent-limited and life course persistent antisocial behavior: A developmental taxonomy.
Psychological Review, 100, 674-701.

Moffitt, T. E., Lyman, D. R., & Silva, P. A. (1994). Neuropsychological tests predicting persistent male delinquency. Criminology, 32, 277-300.
Piquero, A. R., Brame, R., & Mazerolle, P. (2002). Crime in emerging adulthood. Criminology, 40 (1), 137-170.

Sampson, R. J., & Laub, J. H. (1990). Crime and deviance over the life course: The salience of adult social bonds. American Sociological Review, 55, 609-627.

Sampson, R. J., & Laub, J. H. (1992). Crime and deviance in the life course. Annual Review of Sociology, 18, 63-84.

Simons, R. L., Wu, C., Conger, R. S., & Lorenz, F. O. (1994). Two routes to delinquency: Differences between early and late starters in the impact of parenting and deviant peers. Criminology, 32, 247-276.

Warr, M. (1998). Life-course transitions and desistance from crime. Criminology, 36, 183-216.



Bandes, S. (Ed.). The passions of law. New York: New York University Press.

Black, D. (1980). The behavior of law. New York: Academic Press.

Black, D. (1998). The social structure of right and wrong. New York: Academic Press.

Bonsignore, J. J. (2006). Before the law: An Introduction to the legal process. Houghton Mifflin Co.

Burns, S.L. (Ed.) (2005). Ethnographies of law and social control. JAI Press.

Conley, J. M. & O’Barr, W. M. (1998). Just Words: Law, Language and Power. Chicago: University of Chicago

Faigman, D.L. (1999). Legal alchemy: The use and misuse of science and law. New York: W.H. Freeman and Company.

Fitzgerald, M., McLennan, G., & Pawson, J. (1980). Crime and society: Readings in history and theory. UK: Routledge. (Part 1, chapters 1-3 and Part II, chapters 13, 14, and 20)

Friedman, L.M., MacAulay, S., & Stookey, J.A. (1995). The law and society reader: Readings on the social study of law. W.W. Norton Co.

Kairys, D. (1998) The politics of law: A progressive critique. New York: Basic Books.

Lewis, A. (1989). Gideon’s trumpet. New York: Vintage Books.

MacKinnon, C.A. (1991). Toward a feminist theory of the state. Boston: Harvard University Press.

Provine, D. M. (2007). Unequal under the law: race and the war on drugs. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
Quinney, R. (2001). Critique of the legal order: Crime control in capitalist society. Transaction publishers.

Reasons, C., & Rich, R. (1978). The sociology of law: A conflict perspective. Butterworth. (Parts 3 & 4)
Smith, P. (Ed.) (1993). Feminist jurisprudence. Oxford University Press.

Sarat, A. (2007). The social organization of law. UK: Oxford University Press.

Tamanaha, B. (2004). On the rule of law: history, politics, and theory. UK: Cambridge University Press.

Vago, S. (2006). Law and Society. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson-Prentice-Hall

Journal Articles and Reports:

Balbus, I. D. (1977). Commodity form and legal form: An essay on the relative autonomy of law. Law & Society
Review, 11, 571-588.
Beckett, K. (2001). Crime and control in the culture of late modernity. Law & Society Review, 35, 899-930.
Blumberg, A. S. (1967). The practice of law as a confidence game. Law & Society Review, 1¸15-19.
Galanter, M. (1974). Why the “haves” come out ahead: Speculations on the limits of legal change. Law &
Society Review, 9, 95-160.

Gottfredson, M. R., & Hindeland, M. J. (1979). A study of the behavior of law. American Sociological Review, 44, 3-18.
Greenberg, D. F. (1983). Donald Black’s sociology of law: A critique. Law & Society Review, 17, 337-367.
Holmes, O. W. (1897). The path of the law. Harvard Law Review, 110(5),991-1009. 
Kennedy, D. (1980). Toward an historical understanding of legal consciousness: The case of classical legal thought in
American, 1850-1940. Research in Law and Sociology, 3, 3-24.

Leo, R. A. (1996). Miranda’s revenge: Police interrogation as a confidence game. Law & Society Review, 30(2), 259-288.

Lessan, G. T., & Sheley, J. F. (1992). Does law behave? A macrolevel test of Black’s propositions in change in law.
Social Forces, 70, 655-678.

McCann, M. (1991). Legal mobilization and social movements: Notes on theory and its application. Law, Politics, & Society, 15, 207-236.

Merry, S. E. (1988). Legal pluralism. Law & Society Review, 22, 869-896.

Mooney, L. A. (1986). The behavior of law in a private legal system. Social Forces, 64, 733-750.

Moore, S. F. (1973). Law and social change: The semiautonomous social field as an appropriate subject of study.
Law & Society Review, 7, 719-746.

Nielson, L. B. (2000). Situating legal consciousness: Experiences and attitudes of ordinary citizens about law and street
harassment. Law & Society Review, 34, 1055-1090.

Staples, W. G. (1987). Law and social control in juvenile justice dispositions. Journal of Research in Crime &
Delinquency, 24, 7-22.

Turk, A.T. (1976). Law as a weapon in social conflict. Social Problems, 23(3) ,276-291. 

Cases – Review Key Supreme Court Cases from the Legal Information Institute Supreme Collection in the following areas:

Cruel & Unusual Punishment:
Powell v. Texas 392 U.S. 514 (1968)
Estelle v. Gamble 429 U.S. 97 (1976)
Penry v. Lynaugh 492 U.S. 302 (1989)
Capital Punishment:
Witherspoon v. Illinois 391 U.S. 510 (1968)
Furman v. Georgia 408 U.S. 238 (1972)
Gregg v. Georgia 428 U.S. 153 (1976)
McCleskey v. Kemp 481 U.S. 279 (1987)
Booth v. Maryland 482 U.S. 496 (1987)
Atkins v. Virginia 00-8452 (2002)
Roper v. Simmons 543 U.S. 551 (2005)/
Buck v. Bell 274 U.S. 200 (1927)
Powell v. Texas 392 U.S. 514 (1968)
Ford v. Wainwright 477 U.S. 399 (1986)
Penry v. Lynaugh 492 U.S. 302 (1989)
Right to Confront Witnesses:
Pointer v. Texas 380 U.S. 400 (1965)
Maryland v. Craig 497 U.S. 836 (1990)
Right to Counsel:
Powell v. Alabama 287 U.S. 45 (1932)
Gideon v. Wainwright 372 U.S. 335 (1963)
Escobedo v. Illinois 378 U.S. 478 (1964)
Kent v. United States 383 U.S. 541 (1966)
Miranda v. Arizona 384 U.S. 436 (1966)
In re Gault 387 U.S. 1 (1967)
Brewer v. Williams 430 U.S. 387 (1977)
Search and Seizure:
Monroe v. Pape 365 U.S. 167 (1961)
Mapp v. Ohio 367 U.S. 643 (1961)
Terry v. Ohio 392 U.S. 1 (1968)
Trial by Jury:
Hurtado v. California 110 U.S. 516 (1884)
Lockett v. Ohio 438 U.S. 586 (1978)
Admissibility of Scientific Evidence and Expert Testimony:
Daubert v. Merrell Dow Pharmaceuticals 509 U.S. 579 (1993)/
Civil Commitment of Habitual Criminals and Sex Predators:
Skinner v. Oklahoma ex rel. Williamson 316 U.S. 535 (1942)
Seling v. Young 531 U.S. 250 (2001)/
Kansas v Hendricks (1997)/
Criminal Law – General (Cases not included in above sections):
Roe v. Wade 410 U.S. 113 (1973)
Ballew v. Georgia 435 U.S. 223 (1978)



Chambliss, W. J. (1988). On the take: From petty crooks to presidents. Indiana: University Press.

Dilulio, J. J. (1990). Governing prisons: A comparative study of correctional management. The Free Press.

Eisenstein, J., & Herbert, J. (1977). Felony justice: An organizational analysis of criminal courts. Little, Brown, & Co.

Gorton, J. (2002). Organizational change, environmental uncertainty, and managerial control in a large post-reform American prison system. Edwin Mellon Press.

Haney, C., Banks, C., & Zimbardo, P. (1973). Interpersonal dynamics in a simulated prison. International Journal of Criminology and Penology, 1, 69-95, 1973. Available online:

Leo, R. A. (2008). Police interrogation and justice. Harvard University Press.

Peak, K. J. (2003). Justice administration: Police, courts, and corrections management. Prentice-Hall.

Stojkovic, S., Kalinich, D., & Klofas, J. (2002). Criminal justice organizations: Administration and management. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.

Journal Articles and Reports:

Craig, S. C. (2004). Rehabilitation versus control: An organizational theory of prison management. The Prison Journal, 84(4), 92-114.

Feeley, M. M. (1973). Two models of the criminal justice system: An organizational perspective. Law & Society Review, 7(3), 407-426.

Jenness, V. & Grattet, R. (2005). The law-in-between: The effects of organizational perviousness on the policing of hate crime. Social Problems, 52(3), 337-359.

Kane, R. J. & White, M. D. (2009). Bad cops: An examination of career-ending misconduct among New York City Police Officers. Criminology and Public Policy, 8, 737-769.

Perrow, C. (1967). A framework for the comparative analysis of organizations. American Sociological Review, 32(2), 194-208.

Reiss, A. J. (1992). Police organization in the twentieth century. Crime and Justice, 15, 51-97.

Simpson. S. S., Piquero, N. L. (2002). Low self-control, organizational theory, and corporate crime. Law & Society Review, 36(3), 509-547.

Tenzel, J. H. & Cizanckas, V. (1973). The uniform experiment. Journal of Police Science and Administration, 1(4), 421-424.



Albanese, J.S. (2005). Professional ethics in criminal justice: Being ethical when no one is looking. Allyn & Bacon.

Banks, C. (2004). Criminal justice ethics: Theory and practice. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Bentham, J. (1879, 2005 Reprint). An introduction to the principles of morals and legislation. Elibron Classics (or other edition).

Caldero, M. A. & Crank, J. P. (2004). Police ethics: The corruption of a noble cause. Cincinnati, OH: Anderson.

Klockars, C. B, Ivkovic, S. K.,& Haberfeld, M. (Eds.) (2003). The contours of police integrity. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Leighton, P., & Reiman, J. (2000). Criminal justice ethics. Prentice-Hall.

Pollock, J. M. (2003). Ethics in crime and justice: Dilemmas and decisions. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.

Journal Articles and Reports:

Bagaric, M. (2000). Double punishment and punishing character: The unfairness of prior convictions
Criminal Justice Ethics, 19(1),10-28.

Bedau, H. A. (1982). Prisoners' rights. Criminal Justice Ethics 1(1), 26-41.

Berk, R. A. (1988). The role of subjectivity in criminal justice classification and prediction methods. Criminal Justice Ethics, 7(1), 35-47.

Cunningham, L. (1999). Taking on testifying: the prosecutor's response to in-court police deception. Criminal Justice Ethics, 18(1), 26-40.

Halvorsen, V. (2004). Is it better that ten guilty persons go free than that one innocent person be convicted? Criminal Justice Ethics, 23(2), 3-13.

Latzer, B. (2003). Between madness and death: The medicate-to-execute controversy. Criminal Justice Ethics, 22(2), 3-14.

Mackie, J. L (1982). Morality and the retributive emotions. Criminal Justice Ethics, 1(1), 3-10.

Skolnick, J. H, Leo, R. A. (1992). The ethics of deceptive interrogation. Criminal Justice Ethics, 11(1), 3-12.



American Psychological Association (2001). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association, 5th Edition. WA DC: American Psychological Association.

Bell, J. (2005). Doing your research project, 4th Ed.. Open University Press.

Booth, W. C., Williams, J. M., & Colomb, G. G. (2003). The craft of research. University of Chicago Press.

Ferrell, J., & Hamm, M.S. (1998). Ethnography at the edge: Crime, deviance, and field research. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.

Fitzgerald, A., & Cox, S. (2001). Research methods and statistics in criminal justice: An introduction. Wadsworth.

Lurigio, A., Sinacore, J., & Seng, M. (1996). Criminal justice statistics: A practical approach. Butterworth-Heinemann

Maxfield, M. G., & Babbie, E. R. (2006). Basics of research methods for criminal justice and criminology. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.

McShane, M. D., & Williams, F. P. (2008). A thesis resource guide for criminology and criminal justice. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.

Mosher, C. J., Miethe, T. D., & Phillips, D. M. (2002). The mismeasure of crime. Sage.

Noaks, L., & Wincup, E. (2004). Criminological research: Understanding qualitative methods. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Pope, C., Lovell, R., & Brandl, S. G. (2000). Voices from the field: Readings in criminal justice research. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.

Stern, P. C., & Kalof, L. (1996). Evaluating social science research. Oxford University Press.

Journal Articles and Reports:

Ferrell, J. (1997). Criminological "verstehen": inside the immediacy of crime. Justice Quarterly, 14(1), 3-23.

Knight, G. P., Fabes, R. A., & Higgins, D. A. (1996). Concerns about drawing causal inferences from meta-analyses: an example in the study of gender differences in aggression. Psychological Bulletin, 119(3), 410-421.

Levine, J. P. (1996). The case study as a jury research methodology. Journal of Criminal Justice, 24(4), 351-360.

Liebling, A. (1999). Doing research in prison: Breaking the silence. Theoretical Criminology, 3(2), 147-173.

Marquart, J (1986). Doing Research in Prison: The strengths and weaknesses of full participation as a guard. Justice Quarterly, 3(1), 15-32.

Tewksbury, R., DeMichele, M. T, & Miller, L. M. (2005). Methodological orientations of articles appearing in criminal justice's top journals: Who publishes what and where. Journal of Criminal Justice Education, 16(2),




Cole, G. F., Gertz, M. G., & Bunger, A. (2004). The criminal justice system: Politics and policies. Wadsworth.

Goldstein, H. (1990). Problem-oriented policing. McGraw-Hill.

Marx, G. T. (1988). Undercover: Police surveillance in America. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.

Holmes, R. M., & Holmes, S. T. (2002). Profiling violent crimes: An investigative tool. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Kelling, G. L. & Cole, C. M. (1998). Fixing broken windows: Restoring order and reducing crime in our communities. The Free Press.
Keppel, R. D. & Birnes, W. (1997). Signature killers. New York: Pocket Books.
Klockars, C. B., & Mastrofski, S. D. (1991). Thinking about police: Contemporary readings. McGraw-Hill.
Muir, W. K. (1979). Police: Streetcorner politicians. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Skolnick, J. H. (1994). Justice without trial: Law enforcement in democratic society. MacMillan.
Skolnick, J. H. & Fyfe, J. J. (1993). Above the law: Police and the excessive use of force. New York: The Free Press.
Stamper, N. (2005). Breaking rank: A top cop’s expose of the dark side of policing. New York: Nation Books.
Walker, S. & Katz, C. M (2004). Police in America. McGraw-Hill.

Journal Articles and Reports:

Johnson, J. L. & Germain, M. A. (2005). Officer down: Implications of three-strikes for public safety. Criminal Justice Policy Review, 16(4), 443-460.
Kelling, G., Pate, T., Dieckman, D., & Brown, C. (1974). The Kansas City preventive patrol experiment: A summary report. Police Foundation, Washington D.C.
Keppel, R. D. & Walter, R. (1999). Profiling killers: A revised classification model for understanding sexual murder. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, 43(4), 417-437.

MacDonald, J. M., & Alpert, G. P. (1998).Public attitude toward police pursuit driving, 26, 185-194.

Roh, S., & Oliver, W. M. (2005). Effects of community policing upon fear of crime. Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies and Management. 28(4), 670-683.
Ross, J. I. (1992). The outcomes of public police violence: A neglected research agenda. Police Studies, 15(1), 1-12.
Sherman, L., & Weisburd, D. (1995).General deterrent effects of police patrol in crime ‘hot spots’: A randomized, controlled trial, Justice Quarterly, 12(4), 625-648.
Weitzer, R. (2000). White, black, or blue cops? Journal of Criminal Justice, 28, 313-324.
Sherman, L. W., & Berk, R. A. (1984). The Minneapolis domestic violence experiment. WA DC: Police Foundation

Goldstein., H. (1979). Improving policing: A problem-oriented approach. Crime & Delinquency, 25, 236-258.

Terrill, W (2005). Police use of force. Justice Quarterly, 22(1), 107-138.

Eitle, D., Stolzberg, L., & D’Alessio, S. J. (2005). Police organizational factors: The racial composition of the police, and the probability of arrest. Justice Quarterly, 22(1), 30-57.



Baum, L. (1995). The Supreme Court. WA DC: Congressional Quarterly.

Berman, G. and J. Feinblatt. (2005). Good courts: The case for problem-solving justice. New York: The New Press.

Cordozo, B.N. (1921, 2005, reprint). The nature of the judicial process. Fredricksburg, VA: Bookcrafters.

De Toqueville, A. (1831). Democracy in America. Available online:

Eisenstein, J., Flemming, R. B., Nardulli, P. F. (1999). The contours of justice: Communities and their courts. University Press of America.

Feeley, M .M. (1982). Plea bargaining and the structure of the criminal process.

Feeley, M. M. (1979). The process is the punishment. Sage.

Langbein, J. H. (2003). The origins of the adversary criminal trial. Oxford University Press.

Loftus, E. F. (1996). Eyewitness testimony. Boston: Harvard University Press.

Low, P. W., Jeffries, J. C., & Bonnie, R. J. (1986). The trial of John W. Hinckley, JR: A case study in the insanity defense. Mineola, NY: The Foundation Press.

Radelet, M. L., Bedeau, H. A., & Putnam, C .E. (1994). In spite of innocence: Erroneous convictions in capital cases. Boston: Northeastern University Press.

Scheck, B. & Neufeld, P., & Dwyer, J. (2001). Actual innocence: When justice goes wrong and how to make it right. Signet.

Zimring, F.H. (2004). The contradictions of American capital punishment. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Journal Articles and Reports:

Bayens, G. J., Manske, M. W., & Smykla, J. O. (1998).The attitudes of criminal justice workgroups toward intensive supervised probation. American Journal of Criminal Justice, 22(2), 189-206.

Burrus, G. W., & Kempf-Leonard, K. (2002). The questionable advantage of defense counsel in juvenile court. Justice Quarterly,19(1), 37-68.

Edens, J. F. (2001). Misuses of the Hare Psychopathy Checklist-Revised in court. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 16(10), 1082-1093.

Ewing, C. P. (1983). “Dr. Death” and the case for the ethical ban on psychiatric and psychological predictions of dangerousness in capital sentencing proceedings. American Journal of Law and Medicine, 8(4), 407-428.

Feeley, M. M. (1973). Two models of the crime justice system: An organizational perspective. Law & Society Review, 7(3), 407-426. Justice System Journal, 7, 338-355.

Gershman, B .L (1986). Why prosecutors misbehave. Criminal Law Bulletin, 22(2), 131-143.

Harris, J. C., & Jesilow, P. (2000). It’s not the old ball game: Three strikes and the courtroom workgroup. Justice Quarterly, 17(1), 185-203.

Kautt, P., & Spohn, C. (2002). Crack-ing down on black drug offenders? Justice Quarterly,19(1), 1-35.

Langbein, J. H. (1992). On the myth of written constitutions: The disappearance of criminal jury trial. Harvard Journal of Law and Public Policy, 15(1), 119-127.

Uphoff, R. J. (1992). The criminal defense lawyer. Criminal Law Bulletin, 28(5), 419-456.



Abbott, J. H. (1981). In the belly of the beast. New York: Vintage Books.

Austin, J., & Irwin, J. (2000). Its about time: America’s imprisonment binge. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.

Clemmer, D. (1958). The prison community. New York: Holt Rinehart.

Foucault, M. (1977, 1995 Reprint). Discipline and punish: The birth of the prison. New York: Vintage.

Garland, D. (1990). Punishment and modern society: A study in social theory. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.

Garland, D. (Ed.) (2001). Mass imprisonment: Social causes and consequences. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Harland, A. T. (Ed.) (1996). Choosing correctional options that work. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Irwin, J. (2004). The warehouse prison. Los Angeles, CA: Roxbury.
Jacobs, J .B. (1978). Stateville: The penitentiary in mass society. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Johnson, R. (2002). Hard Time: Understanding and reforming the prison. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.
Johnson, R. (1997). Death work: A study of the modern execution process. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.
Lipton, D., Martinson, R., & Wilkes, D. (1975). The effectiveness of correctional treatment: A survey of treatment evaluation studies. New York: Praeger.

McCleary, R. (1992). Dangerous men: The sociology of parole. Harrow and Heston.

McGuire, J. (Ed.) (1995). What works: Reducing reoffending: Guidelines for Research and Practice. New York: John Wiley.

Morris, N. & Tonry, M. (1991). Between prison and probation. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Petersilia, J. (2003). When prisoners come home: Parole and prisoner reentry. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Rothman, D. (1971). Discovery of the asylum. Boston: Little, Brown, & Co.
Sykes, G. (1958). The society of captives. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.
Toch, H. (1992) Living in prison: The ecology of survival. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

Tonry, M. (Ed.) (2004). The future of imprisonment. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Van Voohris, P., Braswell, M., & Lester, D. (Eds.) (2000). Correctional counseling and rehabilitation. Cincinnati, OH: Anderson.

Journal Articles and Reports:

Clements, C. B. (1996). Offender classification: Two decades of progress. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 23(1), 121-143.

Cullen, F. T., & Gendreau, P. (2001). From nothing works to what works: Changing professional ideology in the 21st century. The Prison Journal, 81, 313-338.

Culver, J. H. (1999). Twenty years after Gilmore: Who is being executed? American Journal of Criminal Justice, 24(1), 1-14.

Dowden, C. & Andrews, D. A. (2000). Effective correctional treatment and violent reoffending: A meta-analysis. Canadian Journal of Criminology and Criminal Justice, 42(4), 449-467.

Farrington, D. P., Petrosino, A., Welsh, B. C. (2001). Systematic reviews and cost-benefit analyses of correctional interventions. The Prison Journal, 81, 339-359.

Gendreau, P. (1996). Offender rehabilitation: What we know and what needs to be done. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 23(1), 144-161.

Gendreau, P., Cullen, F. T., & Bonta, J. (1994). Intensive rehabilitation supervision: The next generation in community corrections? Federal Probation, 58, 72-78.

Gendreau, P., & Ross, R. R. (1987). Revivification of rehabilitation: Evidence from the 1980s. Justice Quarterly, 4(3), 349-407.

Gottfredson, M. R., Mitchell-Herzfeld, S. D., & Flanagan, T. J. (1982). Another look at the effectiveness of parole supervision. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, 19, 277-298.

Helfgott, J. B. (1997). Ex-offender needs versus community opportunity in Seattle, Washington. Federal Probation, 61, 12-24.

Huebner, B. M. (2005). The effect of incarceration on marriage and work over the life course. Justice Quarterly, 22(3), 281-303.
Martinson, R. (1974) What works? Questions and answers about prison reform. Public Interest, 35, 22-54.
MacKenzie, D., Brame, R., & McDowell, D. (1995). Boot camp prisons and recidivism in eight states. Criminology, 33(3), 327-357.

Turner, S., Petersilia, J. & Deschenes, E. P. (1992). Evaluating intensive supervision probation/parole (ISP) for drug offenders. Crime & Delinquency, 38, 539-556.