Collaborative Research

Collaborative Research

Integrated into Seattle U's Department of Criminal Justice, Criminology & Forensics

The Crime & Justice Research Center conducts primary research, including data collection and analysis, program evaluation, and collaborative research with local, state, and federal criminal justice agencies.

Featured Research

Longitudinal Evaluation of the Washington State Criminal Justice Training Commission’s Guardian Law Enforcement Training

colorful portrait of WSCJTC Basic Law Enforcement Academy

Jacqueline B. Helfgott | Matthew J. Hickman

The Seattle University Crime & Justice Research Center partnered with the Washington State Criminal Justice Training Commission to conduct a longitudinal evaluation of guardian training for law enforcement officers implemented at the WSCJTC in 2012. Findings from the longitudinal evaluation are reported in a series of reports completed from 2015-2021. 

This project was piloted in 2014-15 with a pre/post survey instrument at the WSCJTC BLEA to evaluate training effects of the guardian training implemented in 2012. The study follows 40 BLEA cohorts (710-750) through academy training pre/post and 1-year/3-year post-graduation. The results of the pilot study were reported in a Phase 1 Report entitled “Evaluation of the Washington State Criminal Justice Training Commission’s “Warriors to Guardians” Cultural Shift and Crisis Intervention Team (CIT) Training” (Helfgott, et al., 2015). 

The study was continued July 2016-June 2017 to collect longitudinal data on the effectiveness of WSCJTC guardian-focused BLEA training at 6-months and 1-year post academy graduation.Phase 2 results were reported in a second report entitled, “The Effect of Guardian-Focused Training for Law Enforcement Officers” (Helfgott, et al., 2017). 

The study was continued in Phase 3 through April 2019 to collect longitudinal data 1 and 3-years post BLEA graduation, and the results were reported in a third report entitled,  “The Effect of Guardian-Focused Training for Law Enforcement Officers: Longitudinal Continuation” (Helfgott and Hickman, 2019).

The final report (Helfgott & Hickman, 2021) presents Phase 4 final longitudinal results adding analyses and findings from the 1-year and 3-year post-survey data to the findings presented in the Phase 1 through Phase 3 reports. Results from components of the longitudinal study have been published in academic journal articles including:

Helfgott, J.B., Strah, B., Atherley, L, & Neidhart, E. (2021). Evaluation of CIT components of guardian law enforcement training. Journal of Police and Criminal Psychology, 36(1), 403-422.

Helfgott, J.B., Strah, B.M., Pollock, J., Atherley, L.T., & Vinson, J. (2018). A qualitative approach to understanding guardian models of policing. Journal of Qualitative Criminal Justice and Criminology, 6(1), 93-120.

Seattle Police Micro-Community Policing Plans

Seattle University Collaboration

Trends in Misdemeanor Arrests, Referrals, and Charges

Seattle Report

Jacqueline B. Helfgott | William S. Parkin | Christopher Fisher | Lauren Morgan | Simran Kaur

Examining trends in misdemeanor arrests, charges, and referrals as one of seven jurisdictions in the Research Network on Misdemeanor Justice to provide information of value to policymakers, criminal justice professionals, and researchers in Seattle and nationwide to replicate findings from the John Jay College of Criminal Justice.

Image with Seattle U banners, Space Needle with Seattle Police Department vehicle, photo of John Jay College

Trends in Misdemeanor Arrests, Referrals, & Charges in Seattle is part of the Misdemeanor Justice Project at John Jay College of Criminal Justice Research Network on Misdemeanor Justice funded by the Laura and John Arnold Foundation.

Final Reports and Publications

Selected Examples of Collaborative Research with Criminal Justice Agency Partners

Research is conducted under the direction of faculty in the Criminal Justice, Criminology & Forensics Department. If you are interested in exploring collaborative research opportunities with the department please contact Dr. Jacqueline Helfgott by email.

Contact Us

  • Jacqueline Helfgott, PhD

    Jacqueline Helfgott, PhD

    Crime and Justice Research Center


  • Jonathan Bechtol

    Jonathan Bechtol

    Administrative Assistant

Journal of Criminology, Criminal Justice, Law & Society


Elaine Gunnison, PhD
Jacqueline Helfgott, PhD

Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences