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  • Student Government of Seattle University Bylaws

    The following are the rules governing the Student Government of Seattle University, herein referred to as SGSU. These detailed rules are herein referred to as Bylaws, which govern SGSU under the Constitution of the Student Government of Seattle University.

    Article I: Elected Membership SGSU Officers

    Section 1: Eligibility of elected office shall be determined by class standing, community membership, course load, and GPA but never on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, national origin, age, disability, marital status, sexual or political orientation, or status as a veteran, and all other forms of discrimination with exceptions only for those listed below:

    1. At-Large Representatives: must be any enrolled matriculated student at Seattle University.
    2. Athletic Representative: must participate in a varsity sport during the sport's season of competition during their term in office.
    3. Commuter Representative: must be an enrolled matriculated Seattle University student that does not live in University Housing.
    4. Freshman Representatives: must be a freshman (less than 45 credits) at the time of the election and during the first quarter of holding office.
    5. International Representative: must hold a non-immigrant student visa as defined by the Department of United States Citizenship and Immigration Services.
    6. Junior Representative: must be a junior (at least 90 credits and less than 135 credits) during the first quarter of holding office.
    7. Multicultural Representative: must have self-identified him/herself as a member of an ethnic or racial minority group(s).
    8. Non-Traditional Representative: must be twenty-five (25) years of age or older, a parent, or a military veteran at the time of taking office.
    9. Senior Representative: must be a senior (at least 135 credits) during the first quarter of holding office.
    10. Sophomore Representative: must be a sophomore (at least 45 credits and less than 90 credits) during the first quarter of holding office.
    11. Transfer Representative: must have transferred to Seattle University at any time.

    Section 2: The Representative Officers shall be elected by a plurality (i.e. the highest number of votes for any one candidate designates the winner) at the duly held election conducted in accordance with the SGSU Constitution, SGSU Bylaws, and the SGSU Elections Code.

    The following Representative Officers will be elected during the Annual Fall Election:

    1. At-Large Representative (1)
    2. Commuter Representative
    3. Freshman Representative (2)

    The following Representative Officers will be elected during the Annual Spring Election:

    1. At-Large Representative (1)
    2. Athletic Representative
    3. International Representative
    4. Junior Representative
    5. Multicultural Representative
    6. Non-Traditional Representative
    7. Senior Representative
    8. Sophomore Representative
    9. Transfer Representative

    Section 3: Course Load: Students must be full-time, registering for twelve (12) credits or more per quarter throughout their term of office.

    Section 4: GPA: Students must maintain a cumulative GPA of 2.5. Students who do not hold any prior Seattle University credits or a Seattle University GPA are exempt from this requirement until they have attended one quarter of classes at Seattle University.

    Section 5: Representatives advocate for the general interest of their respective constituency within SGSU and the broader student body.

    Section 6: All elected SGSU members should adhere to all expectations outlined by Department of Student Activities Code of Conduct, as well as the Seattle University Code of Conduct.

    Article II: Removal or Vacancy of Elected SGSU Officers

    Section 1: The Representative Assembly shall have the power to remove an SGSU Officer and declare his or her office vacant under any of the following circumstances:

    1. The officer has neglected the duties of his or her position, as outlined in the SGSU Constitution, SGSU Bylaws, or any other SGSU codes or policies.
    2. The officer, at any time, does not meet the academic qualifications, as outlined in the SGSU Constitution, SGSU Bylaws, any other SGSU codes or policies, or Seattle University policies.
    3. The officer is found to be of unsound mind by a final order of court of competent jurisdiction.
    4. The officer is convicted of a felony by final order of a court of competent jurisdiction.
    5. Officer is placed on disciplinary probation by final order of the University judicial process.

    Section 2: The following process shall be used for the removal of any SGSU Officer by the Representative Assembly:

    1. A written request for the removal of the officer which includes citation from the SGSU Constitution, Bylaws, or other SGSU documentation, and rationale for use, by an SGSU Officer or University staff, or designee, is presented to the Assistant Director of Student Activities.
    2. The Steering Committee will be called for an evidentiary hearing regarding this officer in question.
    3. In the evidentiary hearing all persons bearing evidence in this matter will be asked to speak, as well as time for the officer in question to address all evidence and the written request for his or her removal.
    4. The Steering Committee will vote on whether there is sufficient evidence to forward this to the SGSU Representative for action.
    5. In the case where the Steering Committee determines enough evidence is present to continue, the Representative Assembly will have on its agenda, at the first available meeting following the evidentiary hearing, a discussion item in which the Executive Vice President will share the written request removal, the evidence presented to the Steering Committee, and grant opportunity for the officer in question the opportunity to address the Representative Assembly.
    6. The SGSU Representative Assembly, at its next meeting, will have an action item to remove the officer in question.
    7. Removal will require two-thirds (2/3) affirmative vote of the SGSU Representative Assembly then in office.

    Section 3: A vacancy of a Representative Officer position from the Spring Elections will be filled in the Fall Elections. If a Representative Officer position is still vacant after the Fall Elections, a nominee shall be recommended from among by the Steering Committee and the nominee shall be approved by a two-thirds (2/3) vote of the SGSU Representative Assembly then in office.

    Section 4: In the event that an elected SGSU Executive Officer is unable to perform the functions of the office, is removed, or resigns, the Steering Committee shall nominate a candidate from among the SGSU Representative Officers then in office to fill the vacant Executive Officer Position. The nominee shall be approved by a two-thirds (2/3) vote of the SGSU Representative Assembly then in office. Following approval of the Executive Officer nominee, the process for filling a vacancy of a Representative Officer position would take place.

    Article III: Mid-Term Officer Appointment

    Section 1: The appointment of SGSU Officers mid-term shall work as follows:

    1. In the case that an officer leaves his or her office or is removed from his or her office, an Ad-Hoc committee, known as the Mid-Term Appointment Committee (MAC), shall be formed – consisting of the Steering Committee, the President and an SGSU advisor (non-voting member) – with the President facilitating the appointment process, to appoint officers mid-term.
    2. There must be a minimum of two candidates for the office in order for the appointment process to continue. In the case that a second candidate cannot be found for this office, the appointment process can continue upon the Mid-Term Appointment Committee providing proof to the Representative Assembly that the search for a second candidate was made.
    3. The Mid-Term Appointment Committee shall require a resume and three references of each candidate, at least two references from a Seattle University graduate advisor, faculty or staff member.
    4. Candidates for the office shall go through an interview after their resume is approved, with every member of the Mid-Term Appointment Committee in attendance.
    5. Upon completion of the interviews, one candidate for office shall be approved by a majority vote of the Mid-Term Appointment Committee, and brought to the Representative Assembly for final approval, based upon a majority vote.
    6. After final approval, the candidate shall take office and be sworn into the Student Government of Seattle University as an officer by the Executive Vice President.
    7. In the case that the President resigns or is removed from his or her position, the same process shall ensue, with the Executive Vice President chairing the Mid-Term Appointment Committee.

    Article IV: Pro Tempore

    Section 1: In order for business to continue as efficiently as possible. A Pro Tempore will assume all duties of a Chair in their absence.

    Section 2: The Pro Tempore of the Representative Assembly shall also serve as the Executive Vice President in the event that they resign, are removed from office, or are unable to fulfill the duties of their office. The Pro Tempore shall serve as Executive Vice President until a replacement is chosen or until the Executive Vice President resumes office.

    Section 3: If the Executive Vice President wishes to resign they must submit a letter of resignation to the Advisor of SGSU. In this case the Pro Tempore shall assume the office of the Executive Vice President.

    Article V: Legislative Procedures & Protocols

    Section 1: Legislation, defined as any official written document on behalf of SGSU, must be submitted to the Executive Vice President before the meeting of its intended presentation, with the sponsor's name and any co-sponsors who wish to be listed with the bill.

    Section 2: Each member of the Representative Assembly may rely on information, opinions, reports or statements prepared or presented by the persons listed below, so long as he or she acts in good faith, after reasonable inquiry, and without knowledge that reliance on such persons is unwarranted:

    1. Officers or employees of SGSU who are believed to be reliable and competent in the matters presented.
    2. Professional advisors (including legal counsel, University employees serving as advisors and/or representatives, etc.) who are believed to be acting on matters within such person's professional competence or expertise.
    3. Ad-Hoc committees or committees that members of the Representative Assembly believe to merit confidence on a matter within its designated authority.

    Section 3: Assembly Meeting Schedules and General Business:

    1. All Representative Assembly meetings shall be open to the public, except during Joint Committee Meetings.
    2. All SGSU members shall be allowed to speak at meetings. The Chair of Representative Assembly shall have the power to create time restrictions only if applicable equally to all SGSU members and officers.
    3. The Representative Assembly shall meet once a week during the regular school year, unless temporarily altered by a majority vote of the Representative Assembly, the Executive Vice President or the Steering Committee for holidays, knowledge of a lack of quorum or emergency purposes. The Representative Assembly through a majority vote maintains the right to alter the schedule on a permanent basis after the initial time the meeting is set.
    4. No official decision or action can be reached unless the constitutional quorum is met.
    5. The time and place of the Representative Assembly meetings shall be consistent for a given quarter, but if altered appropriate notice must be given to all SGSU elected members and the SGSU Web site. For emergency purposes, the meeting must be scheduled at least twenty-four (24) hours after the notice has been given.
    6. All Representatives in the Assembly are expected to be present at all Representative Assembly meetings.
    7. The Chief of Staff shall keep minutes and attendance of the Assembly meetings, which must be approved at a following meeting to be entered into the official record. The President shall select the Chief of Staff.
    8. The Executive Vice President shall Chair all Representative Assembly meetings. In the event they are absent, the Pro Tempore will fulfill the duties of the Chair and give up their voting privilege for that meeting.
    9. The Executive Vice President can be removed by a two-thirds (2/3) majority vote of the Representative Assembly if he/she is found to be unable to fulfill the role as a responsible Chair.
    10. The Representative Assembly will follow Roberts Rules of Order for all meetings.

    Section 4: Rules of Legislation – Normal Order of Business is as follows:

    1. Call to Order
    2. Roll Call
    3. Approval of the Minutes
    4. Public Comment
    5. Old Business
    6. New Business
    7. Officer Reports
    8. Committee Reports
    9. Announcements
    10. Adjournment

    Section 5: Legislative Process will work as follows:

    1. If legislation is referred or brought up within a committee, that committee will markup and hold a vote on legislation, approving or disapproving by majority vote or consensus. If approved by the committee the Chair decide the time of debate.
    2. Representatives or Executive Officers may bring their legislation directly to a committee, following the procedures above, but must alert the Chair of the Steering Committee, through official communication of email, telephone or personal dialogue, to this new legislation.
    3. Representatives or Executive Officers may also bring legislation forward without connection to a committee.
    4. Once placed in New Business, by the recommendation of the Steering Committee or the Chair of the Representative Assembly, it will be debated as stated in the rules below.

    Section 6: Debate Rules should be as follows:

    1. All legislation must be passed by a majority vote of the Representative Assembly.
    2. Amendments on the legislation can be passed by a majority-vote of the Representative Assembly.
    3. If Previous Question is motioned, seconded and passed by a two-thirds (2/3) majority vote, then the question on the table is brought to a vote with no further debate allowed and the vote will be called.
    4. If time of debate expires and a motion to extend is not heard, then the Chair will call for a vote on the motion with no further debate.
    5. The Chair may vote only to break a tie. If a majority approves the bill then it goes to the President's desk to be signed or vetoed within ten (10) consecutive days of passage.
    6. If a motion fails there can be a motion to reconsider and if passed by a majority, the legislation will be brought back to the table. If no motion to reconsider is brought forward then the legislation is taken off the table of discussion with no further action.
    7. Throughout this process the Chair of the Steering Committee shall distribute updated and timely information to all elected members by official communication via mailbox, electronic mail and the SGSU website.
    8. Debate can be altered by a majority vote.

    Section 7: Veto Process will work as follows:

    1. The President has the right to veto any legislation. Following a veto, the Representative Assembly shall bring the legislation back onto the table as New Business. The President of SGSU shall discuss the reason for veto.
    2. Following this discussion a motion must be made and seconded to over-rule the veto. The assembly will enter into debate before a vote is brought upon the legislation. If the legislation needs to be changed, a motion must be made, seconded and approved to amend the legislation. Following debate, the Representative Assembly must have a two-thirds (2/3) majority to pass the legislation. If the motion does not receive a two-thirds (2/3) majority, the legislation is taken off the table with no further discussion.
    3. If the proposed amended legislation is brought onto the table, then it follows procedures for New Business. All members must view the amendments to the proposed legislation.

    Section 8: All Representatives and Executives must be present at all Representative Assembly Meetings. If any Representative or Executive has a potential conflict and may need to miss a meeting, that person must inform the Executive Vice President in writing of their request. The following three reasons will be used by the Executive Vice President to potentially excuse absences from Representative Assembly:

    1. Any conflict in schedules caused by Academic requirements.
    2. If the person is ill.
    3. Extenuating circumstances.

    The Executive Vice President has the right to deny any request under reason three (3), if they do not find it to be a legitimate reason.

    Section 9: The Executive Vice President may call special meetings of the Representative Assembly at any time.

    Section 10: In case of emergency or if an immediate vote is needed, online voting may take place. With this process, all rules apply the same as if it were legislation at Representative Assembly (outlined by Article V, Sections 5 and 6).

    1. This implies that Robert's Rules of Order will be used for legislation debated online.

    Section 11: All Representative Assembly meetings, as well as those of its boards and committees, are considered open to all constituents.

    Article VI: Appropriations Information

    Section 1: Appropriations Process:

    1. The Appropriations Committee shall be in charge of handling all club and student organization appropriation requests up to and including $2,000. Any appropriation request over $2,000 for any event or club shall be debated and voted on in the Representative Assembly. The appropriations committee may provide recommendations to the Representative Assembly during debate.
    2. The Vice President of Finance will notify the club or event of the approved amount and stipulations that may apply. After an appropriation is made, the club must sign a binding post appropriation agreement choosing one of the following three options:
      1. Accept and agree with the appropriated amount.
      2. Disagree with the appropriated amount and submit a new proposal to the Appropriations Committee.
      3. Disagree with the appropriated amount and appeal the same proposal to the Representative Assembly.
    3. Only Club Connections recognized Clubs or Seattle University Organizations are eligible for SGSU appropriations funding. No department, class, off campus organization or student department group will be eligible to receive funds through SGSU appropriations.

    Section 2: Post appropriation procedures:

    1. All clubs must submit an evaluation to receive funding within thirty days of an event.
    2. All clubs must choose one of the binding options.
    3. All club decisions are final.

    Section 3: The Vice President of Finance shall select a Representative who serves on the Appropriations Committee to serve as the Pro Tempore. In the event that the Vice President of Finance is absent from an Appropriations meeting the Pro Tempore shall lead the meetings.

    1. In an instance where the Pro Tempore must lead a meeting, that person does forgo their right to a vote.

    Article VII: Committee Governance and General Definitions

    Section 1: The Representative Assembly shall have standing committees and boards. Committees and boards are created to investigate and evaluate issues, concerns and matters before the Representative Assembly, seek resolution to issues and conduct the affairs and business of SGSU. The following committees and boards are standing:

    1. President's Advisory Board: President's Advisory Board shall be responsible for issues related to the entire student experience at the University.
    2. Steering Committee: Steering Committee shall be responsible for monitoring the internal operations of SGSU.
    3. University Affairs Committee: University Affairs shall be responsible for issues related to academics as well as student life.
    4. Appropriations Committee: Appropriations shall be responsible for the allocation of funds to registered undergraduate clubs and organizations at the University.
    5. Executive Board: Executive Board shall be responsible for developing the vision and strategic direction for SGSU.

    Section 2: Two to five Representatives must serve upon standing committees every year, determined by the Executive Board.

    Section 3: Ad-Hoc committees, created throughout the year, are served on a voluntary basis and must have at least two members and a Chair. The initial members will be determined at the time of creation. Ad-Hoc committees do not need to be approved by Representative Assembly. The duration of an Ad-Hoc committee is until its focus or objective is completed. Ad-Hoc committees can become standing committees if a motion is brought forward and it is proven to be an important and integral part of SGSU. This requires a majority vote to approve. Ad-Hoc committees may include non-SGSU Representatives as voting and non-voting members. Ad-Hoc committees will be chaired by an SGSU Officer. The SGSU advisor will not have voting privileges; however, when present on the committee, may vote to break the tie.

    Section 4: Committee Chairs:

    1. The Chair in collaboration with the members of committees shall set the date and time of meeting and should meet once a week. The Chair of the committee has the responsibilities to set an agenda of business for the committee and keep in timely communication with its members.
    2. The committee Chair may appoint a Pro Tempore, who will serve and assist the Chair as needed.
    3. A Chair may at any time remove him/herself from the position of Chair.

    Section 5: Standing Committee Duties and Placement:

    1. Committees shall analyze and propose any new bylaw language found necessary under their area of responsibility. They shall also have the right to maintain their own schedule policies. Any changes in the bylaws must be discussed and voted upon at a Joint Session meeting.
    2. The Executive Board at the beginning of fall quarter shall determine representative committee placement.
    3. The Chair of the committee will be an Executive Officer.

    Section 6: Steering Committee:

    1. Exists to enforce the SGSU Mission Statement and uphold the SGSU Constitution, Bylaws and other main documents.
    2. Be chaired by the Executive Vice President.
    3. Plan and facilitate quarterly retreats in conjunction with SGSU advisors.
    4. Set and enforce the policy for Representatives lack of attendance at Representative Assembly, committee meetings and office hours.
    5. Review and update all SGSU Documents.
    6. Mandate Representative Office hours and responsibilities.
    7. Oversee the policies for committees and the set number of members needed for standing committees.

    Section 7: Appropriations Committee:

    1. Exists to promote the SGSU Mission by providing the Undergraduate community with financial support in opportunities of student leadership and involvement.
    2. Chaired by the Vice President of Finance.
    3. Follow the guidelines in Bylaws Article VI: Appropriation Committee. Exceptions will be made at the discretion of Representative Assembly.

    Section 8: University Affairs Committee:

    1. Exists to assess, support, and implement growth within the academic community of Seattle University.
    2. Chaired by the Vice President of University Affairs.
    3. The University Affairs Committee shall be a means for students to voice their concerns and grievances about the academic environment, academic departments, or colleges here at Seattle University, as well as address concerns about student services and non-academic campus issues.
    4. In order to accomplish the aforementioned objectives, the University Affairs Committee shall:
      1. Nurture a dialogue with the students regarding the academic and student life experience of Seattle University.
      2. Appoint students to university level committee positions and provide support and resources for the appointees through the connections and powers of SGSU.
        1. Each appointee will have an SGSU facilitated orientation and introduction to the committee they will be serving on.
        2. Each appointee will be brought back into a University Affairs Committee or Representative Assembly meeting quarterly to keep SGSU abreast of the progress and goings-on in their committee.

    Section 9: President's Advisory Board:

      1. Exists to support the President to better understand the needs and concerns of the students so that they can advocate for the students.
      2. Chaired by the President.
      3. Appoint a student representative from PAB to the State of the Student Survey group and provide support to that representative.
      4. Research and advocate for issues under the direction of the President.
      5. Coordinate the BeHeard program.
        1. Act as a way for students to submit and communicate their opinions, comments, concerns, questions, and solutions for different issues related to the University.

    Section 10: Joint Committee Meetings take place between the Representative Assembly and the committee requesting the meeting. These will only occur when involving sensitive issues, and will be closed to the public. All Representatives have regular voting privileges, while Executives may vote. They will be convened by the committee Chair with at least twenty-four (24) hours of notice given, and will be chaired by the Executive Vice President.

    Section 11: The Representative Assembly may, by a simple majority vote of the members of the Representative Assembly present at a duly held meeting, create one or more committees or boards to investigate and evaluate matters before the SGSU and to make recommendations to the Representative Assembly for action on those matters. The make-up and appointments of officers and/or constituents to Ad-Hoc committees and boards shall be approved by the Representative Assembly. These committees and boards shall have no authority to take action on any matter, but may make recommendations for action to the Representative Assembly.

    Section 2: If any position is vacated for any reason during the year, the Mid-Term Appointment Committee will nominate candidates, which will then be taken to Representative Assembly. The only instance in which this does not need to take place is if the appointment of a new member would take place during spring quarter. In that case, the Mid-Term Appointment Committee may vote to determine if they would like to fill the vacant position. If approved by a majority vote, then the Mid-Term Appointment Committee shall take all steps as outlined above.

    Article VIII: Cabinet Positions and Sponsored Programs

    Section 1: Student Discount Program shall:

    1. Allow all SU students to receive student discounts by presenting their student ID cards at participating businesses within walking distance of the SU campus, and other areas of Seattle, in order to engage students into their surrounding community and help them save money.
    2. Be provided and funded by SGSU.

    Section 2: Sustainable Universal Revolving Fund shall:

    1. Have at least one SGSU Officer and an SGSU Advisor sit on the SURF Committee.
    2. Act as a way for students to submit proposals that promote ecological and economical sustainability on campus.

    Section 3: RedZone shall:

    1. A daughter organization of SGSU, consisting of four (4) executive members including a President appointed by majority vote of the current President of SGSU and former executive members of RedZone.
    2. RedZone shall serve to maintain sportsmanship and support at all University events, encouraging student participation. RedZone shall be composed solely of student wanting to generate stadium wide energy, intensity, and rowdiness.

    Section 4: Secretary of Elections shall:

    1. Coordinate and oversee all aspects of the SGSU Elections process in both the fall quarter and the spring quarter.
    2. Chair the Elections Commission, hold Elections Commission meetings as needed, and keeps records of meeting issues and attendance.

    Section 5: The Elections Commission must abide by the following rules:

    1. Each person seeking to become or remain as an Elections Commission Member must be a constituent of SGSU. Elections Commission Members cannot run for an SGSU Officer position or run a campaign for a student running for an SGSU Officer position during their entire term as Elections Commission Members.
    2. Each person seeking to become or remain as an Elections Commission Member must be a full-time student enrolled in no fewer than 12 credits per quarter and must comply with the academic requirements established by Seattle University. Each person seeking to become or remain as an Elections Commission Member must have a 2.5 cumulative GPA when elected and while in office.
    3. Elections Commissioners, including the Secretary of Elections, will be selected in the spring quarter after the spring quarter ASSU Elections.
    4. The term of office for the Elections Commissioners, including the Secretary of Elections, shall be from their respective selection dates until the end of the following spring quarter.
    5. Elections Commissioners shall be entitled to hold office for successive terms.

    Section 6: Chief of Staff shall:

    1. Perform general office, administrative, and clerical duties and assists with projects beneficial to the efficient operation of the Associated Students of Seattle University office under the supervision of the Assistant Director of Student Activities and the Executive Vice President.
    2. Assist SGSU Executive Officers with major SGSU projects such as Campus Readership Program, Club Appropriations, etc.
    3. Attend and take minutes at one or more of the following meetings: SGSU Representative Assembly meetings, Appropriations meetings, Steering Committee meetings, or additional SGSU meetings.

    Article IX: Executive Protocol & Procedures

    Section 1: Executive Board shall:

      1. Be chaired by the President, responsible for calling weekly meetings and setting the agenda.
      2. Include Executive reports covering all issues and ongoing work being conducted under their area of responsibility, within the university and points of interest within SGSU.
      3. Be in charge of setting all policies of commissions and agency direction, such as Public Relations and Web Design.
      4. Be in charge of all internal responsibilities, including analyzing structure, creating a strategic vision, and setting the budget.
        1. During the first quarter the Representative Assembly is required to vote on approval of the final budget requests and allocations within SGSU. The Executive Board shall submit their budget request to the Representative Assembly as a whole. When passed it will go to the President's desk. The Budget Approval period may not exceed the first four weeks of fall quarter.
      5. Decide on the placement of representatives for committees, with the following foundation:
        1. All Representatives will have a preference of being placed on University Affairs, President's Advisory Board, Steering or Appropriations Committee serving for the entire year.
        2. All Representatives will serve as voting members on one committee for the entire year.
        3. If Representatives need to switch committees then Representatives must get the approval of the Executive Board.
        4. New Representatives, which are elected to SGSU after the initial committee selection at the beginning of the year, will have their committee placement decided by the Executive Board in consultation with the New Representatives.
      6. In the event that the President of SGSU resigns then the Executive Vice President shall serve as the Chair of the Executive Meetings until the President is replaced.

    Section 2: After a resolution is passed by the Representative Assembly and signed by the President of SGSU said resolution shall be sent to all relevant parties. After a time determined by the Executive Officers of SGSU, the sponsors of the resolution shall follow up on the resolution to determine to what success the resolution achieved.

    Article X: Amendment Process & Joint Sessions

    Section 1: Joint sessions:

    1. Convened by the President of SGSU, with at least twenty-four (24) hours of notice given, but chaired by the Executive Vice President.
    2. Must have the Constitutional quorum for Joint Sessions of fourteen voting members, with at least two being Executives. All actions must pass by two-thirds (2/3) majority vote.

    Section 2: Duties of the Joint Session:

    1. Amendments to the Constitution or Bylaws of SGSU shall be addressed in Joint Sessions. Any changes must be passed by a two-thirds (2/3) majority vote and approved with a simple majority by the student body.

    Article XI: Enactment

    Section 1: The Bylaws of SGSU will take effect at the passage of a two-thirds (2/3) majority vote in a Joint Session meeting, and after a simple majority approval by all university students and any and all other SGSU documents shall be inferior to it, with exception of the SGSU Constitution.

    Approved January 16, 2002, Amended March 9, 2004, Amended May 19, 2004, Amended April 15, 2009, Amended April 21, 2010