National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)
Fish and Wildlife Service
National Park Service
Department of Agriculture
Real estate development companies
Department of Transportation
Public works departments
Mining companies (e.g., petroleum, mineral)
Market research companies
Colleges and universities
Land trust organizations: The Nature Conservancy or Trust for Public Land
Hunting and fishing clubs
Obtain experience through volunteer positions such as Student Conservation Association, and seek leadership positions.
Seek research experience with professors, through coursework or through internships in the industry.
Develop knowledge of land and water policies, ecology and conservation history. Real estate experience may be beneficial for some positions.
Participate on planning boards, commissions and committees to stay abreast of local planning and conservation initiatives.
Hone communication and negotiation skills for interacting with various stakeholders: land owners, elected officials, and conservation and community representatives.
Environmental Education and Communication
Public and private schools, K-12
Two-year community colleges/technical institutes
Four-year colleges and universities
Nature centers and parks
Educational and scientific software companies
Gain experience working with students through tutoring, part-time employment or volunteering.
Learn to work well with people of varying backgrounds and skills.
Develop excellent interpersonal, communication and content area knowledge.
Complete a teacher preparation program for K-12 positions, which varies by state. Learn about the endorsements for environmental science.
Master’s degrees may be sufficient for teaching at community or two-year institutions.
Seek Ph.D. for teaching opportunities at colleges and universities.
Join professional associations and environmental groups as way to learn about the field and network.
Acquire thorough knowledge of photographic procedures and technology.
Take advanced courses in technical writing or journalism classes or consider a minor in either.
Join professional associations like the National Association of Science Writers or the Public Relations Student Society of America.
Seek related volunteer or paid experiences with student/local publications to increase marketability.
Consider earning an advanced degree in a communications field to specialize (e.g., scientific journalism or public relations).
Non-profit or public interest
Federal and state government:
Environmental Protection Agency
Department of Justice
Attorney General Offices
Political action committees
Nonprofit organizations (e.g., Green Action and Natural Resources Defense Council)
Develop strong research and writing skills. Hone communication skills through public speaking courses, debate team or Toast Masters, a public speaking organization.
Participate in pre-law honor societies and seek guidance from campus pre-law advisors.
Maintain current knowledge of industry trends, laws and, policies specific to area of interest (e.g., conservation, regulation compliance, etc).
Take courses in history, political science and/or legal studies to supplement science curriculum.
Learn about the law school admissions process, maintain a high GPA and plan to perform well on the LSAT. Research schools with concentrations of interest (e.g., environmental law and policy, conservation, sustainable development).
Environmental studies and environmental science differ from each other in the amount of science course work required.
Environmental studies provides a broad base of hard sciences as well as social science coursework. Environmental science incorporates hard sciences and environmental sciences.
Choice depends upon career focus, for example, administration or policy-making versus technical areas or research.
Pursue volunteer or internship experience to test fields of interest and gain valuable experience. Take independent research classes if possible.
Stay up-to-date with changing environmental legislation by reading related literature and journals and participating in professional associations.
Attend seminars, conferences and workshops sponsored by professional associations or public interest groups and utilize networking opportunities.
Learn local, state and federal government job application procedures. Utilize your campus career center staff for assistance.
A bachelor’s degree will qualify one for work as a laboratory assistant, technician, technologist or research assistant in education, industry and government.
A bachelor’s degree is also sufficient for nontechnical work in writing, illustration, sales, photography, and legislation.
A master’s degrees allow for greater specialization in a field and more opportunities in research and administration. Some community colleges will hire Master’s level teachers.
Doctoral degrees are necessary for advanced research and administrative positions, university teaching and independent research.