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Accolades and Accomplishments
Staff Member of the Year AwardStudent Executive CouncilAcademic Year 2011-2012
Hanold, M. (2012). World Sports: A Reference Handbook. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO.
Abstract: World Sports: A Reference Handbook covers a wide range of issues and controversies within the world of sports, including drug use, economics, ethics, ethnicity, gender, globalization, politics, race, sexuality, and technology from both a global and American perspective. Addressing forms of sports as diverse as American football, skateboarding, NASCAR auto racing, ultrarunning, and the disciplines of the Olympic Games, the title's topics are discussed in depth to illuminate the sport's specific issues and are backed with information from relevant sports organizations, biographies of important people, chronologies, and charts and graphs. The central aim is to reveal the multiple ways that sport (re)produces social inequalities, marginalizing many athletes in the process and narrowing our views about what constitutes sport. The book reveals the fact that "a fair competition environment" in sport is typically an ideal rather than a reality.
Cunningham, G. B., & Melton, E. N. (2012). Prejudice against lesbian, gay, and bisexual coaches: The influence of race, religious fundamentalism, modern sexism and contact with sexual minorities. Sociology of Sport Journal, 29, 283-305.
Abstract: In drawing from Herek's (2007, 2009) sexual stigma and prejudice theory, the purpose of this study was to examine the relationship among prejudice toward sexual minority coaches, religious fundamentalism, sexism, and sexual prejudice and to determine whether race affected these relationships. The authors collected data from 238 parents. Results indicated that Asians expressed greater sexual prejudice than Latinos and Whites, while African Americans expressed more religious fundamentalism than did Whites. There were also differences in the associations among the variables. For African Americans, sexism held the strongest association with prejudice toward sexual minority coaches. While for Asians and Whites, religious fundamentalism held the strongest association, contact with lesbian and gay friends was a significant predictor of prejudice for Asians, but not for the other groups. For Latinos, both religious fundamentalism and sexism were associated with sexual prejudice. The authors discuss the results in terms of theoretical and practical implications.
Melton, E. N., & Cunningham, G. B. (2012). The effect of LGBT-Inclusive policies on organizational attraction. International Journal of Sport Management, 13, 444-462.
Abstract: In drawing from signaling theory and social dominance theory, the purpose of this study was to assess applicants' responses to lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgendered (LGBT)-inclusive signals and the resultant effects on organizational attractiveness. The authors conducted an experiment with 120 participants to achieve this end. Results suggest applicants were more attracted to LGBT-inclusive organizations than other organizations, and these effects held for both sport and non-sport organizations. Participants' social dominance orientation moderated the relationship between LGBT inclusiveness and organizational attraction: persons with a high social dominance orientation were not attracted to LGBT-inclusive organizations, while persons with low social dominance orientations were.
Galen Trail was quoted extensively in an article written by Matthew Coller in Venues Today: "Seattle Arena Faces Uphill Climb Despite City, County Approval."Click here to read full article
Trail, G. T., Kim, Y. K., Kwon, H. H., Harrolle, M. G., Braunstein-Minkove, J. R., & Dick, R. (2012). The effects of vicarious achievement and team identification on BIRGing and CORFing: Testing mediating and moderating effects. Sport Management Review 15(3), 345-354.
Abstract: The purpose of our study was to test whether team identiﬁcation moderated the relationship between vicarious achievement and basking in reﬂected glory (BIRGing) or cutting off reﬂected failure (CORFing). In addition, we compared the moderated models to models that indicate that team identiﬁcation mediates the relationship between need for vicarious achievement and BIRGing/CORFing. The support for all of the models is based on the intersection of three theories: identity theory, self-esteem theory, and achievement motivation theory. Individuals (n = 151) afﬁliated with two Mid-Eastern universities completed a questionnaire before and after the 2006 Bowl Championship Series (BCS) National Championship football game. Using Jo¨reskog's (2000) analysis protocols, we found that there were no interaction effects for the moderated models. Using Zhao et al.'s (2010) strategy, we found indirect-only mediation for both BIRGing and CORFing
Lee, D., & Trail, G. T. (2012). Confirmatory analysis of the athletic team merchandise model. Measurement in Physical Education and Exercise Science, 16(2), 101-118.
Abstract: Although sales of athletic team merchandise (ATM) contribute to the overall consumption of sport, a research effort that comprehensively measures aspects that trigger the consumption of ATM is lacking. In light of the gap, utilizing multiple theories and other concepts that describe product consumption, the authors of this article empirically examined a theoretical model to explain ATM purchasing intention. Seven hundred thirty-six individuals who had previously purchased ATM participated in the surveys. The confirmatory factor analyses suggests that the ATM model, consisting of personal values, team identification, brand attitude, past expenditure, perceived product attributes, expectancy disconfirmation, satisfaction, and purchase intention, has good psychometric properties, and is a good measurement for the purchase intention of ATM. Comprehensiveness of the model suggests researchers should measure factors explaining various commonly occurring consumption activities at a domain level.
Should High Profile Athletes be Seen as Role Models?
Avoiding Injury - Dr. Dan Tripps
One World 2011
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